Thursday, March 8, 2012

Weight loss and High protein diet with Resistance Exercise Training

In a study conducted by Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Food and Nutritional Sciences (1), with an aim to determine the effectiveness of two low-fat hypocaloric diets differing in the carbohydrate-to-protein ratio, with and without resistance exercise training (RT), on weight loss, body composition, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk outcomes in overweight/obese patients with type 2 diabetes. A total of 83 men and women with type 2 diabetes (aged 56.1 +/- 7.5 years, BMI 35.4 +/- 4.6 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to an isocaloric, energy-restricted diet (female subjects 6 MJ/day, male subjects 7 MJ/day) of either standard carbohydrate (CON; carbohydrate:protein:fat 53:19:26) or high protein (HP; 43:33:22), with or without supervised RT (3 days/week) for 16 weeks. The result with fifty-nine participants completed the study indicated that an energy-restricted HP diet combined with resistance exercise training (RT) achieved greater weight loss and more favorable changes in body composition. All treatments had similar improvements in glycemic control and CVD risk markers.

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(1) "A high-protein diet with resistance exercise training improves weight loss and body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes" by
Wycherley TP, Noakes M, Clifton PM, Cleanthous X, Keogh JB, Brinkworth GD. Posted in PubMed

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